Pelvic floor Physiotherapy is an evidence based and specialty treatment focusing on the rehabilitation of muscles in the pelvic floor to treat conditions within pelvis like Urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, post pregnancy pelvic muscle dysfunction, vaginismus, vulvodynia, dyspareunia (painful intercourse).
The pelvic floor muscles are a group of muscles that attach to the front, back and sides of the pelvis (sitting bone) and sacrum, which act like a hammock to support the pelvic organs. They also wrap around your urethra (where urine comes out), rectum, and vagina. The pelvic floor muscles must be able to contract to maintain continence and relax to allow for urination, bowel movements and in women, sexual penetration.
Pelvic Floor dysfunction can be caused by,
- Weakness (underactivity) of the pelvic floor muscles leading to symptoms of incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse or
- Tightness (hyperactivity) of the pelvic floor muscles leading to symptoms of chronic pelvic pain, dyspareunia, vaginismus, vulvodynia, pudendal neuralgia, interstitial cystitis, endometriosis, chronic prostatitis, urinary and fecal urgency and urge incontinence.
A comprehensive subjective and objective examination is performed to identify all the factors that are contributing to your symptoms. A treatment plan is formulated with personalized short-term and long-term goals.